Feedback from employee exit surveys can provide powerful insight into your company’s culture. No matter how excellent your culture is, people will eventually leave.
Hopefully, the exit is in both the best interest of the individual by getting them closer to their dream job, as well as the company by opening space for new, passionate individuals. As people leave, they might give you insight into how to keep others at the company.
In this article, we’ll explore how to review individual and aggregate exit survey results and how to take action on both. An exit survey can also provide invaluable information for in-person interviews. We’ve also included some sample employee exit survey questions you can consider using.
What is an exit survey?
Exit surveys are a type of employee survey focusing on the reasons an employee would choose to voluntarily leave a company. As departing employees are often more willing to share honest and candid feedback, an exit survey is an effective way to collect information on your company’s successes and areas of opportunity.
Are exit surveys effective and what are they useful for?
The effectiveness ultimately depends on your approach and your intention. Exit surveys can be leveraged in a multitude of ways, including:
Improve retention. By asking exiting employees why they’re leaving, you may be able to pinpoint the aspects of your organization that are pushing people to leave.
Understand and surface disparities within the employee experience. For example, you may find that departing employees with caregiving responsibilities cite “lack of belonging” as a major reason they are leaving the company – and this reason is being cited at a significantly higher rate compared to other groups of employees.
Get honest feedback on your company’s strategic priorities. For example, if L&D is a priority, you can include a question about how the employee feels about the company’s learning and development opportunities and offerings.
To maximize the effectiveness of your exit survey, we recommend conducting an exit interview (though not every employee needs to be interviewed). Moreover, you should also consider the design of your exit survey – in the next section, we will share a few best practices for creating an effective exit survey.
How to craft an effective exit survey
A well-designed exit survey should:
Clearly explain the “why.” Include a clearly stated purpose at the beginning of the survey, including information on how their feedback will be used. It should also include reassurance that the information shared will not affect the departing employees’ future prospects (i.e., getting job references).
Collect both quantitative and qualitative data. For example, allowing the exiting employee to add comments or including open-ended survey questions.
Acknowledge the employee’s time and hard work. Thank the departing employee for taking the time to share their feedback and contributions to the company.
Ask the right questions – and not too many. Generally, you want to be conservative with the number of questions you ask in the survey, especially if you want high-quality responses. Focus on the areas that matter most to your organization, as well as the areas the company is most likely to take action on. In general, we recommend that surveys take less than 10 minutes to complete
To reduce workload and manual burden, we highly recommend automating the exit survey process by utilizing employee survey tools that allow HR teams to automatically initiate the exit survey/offboarding survey.
Survey questions are the most visible and often memorable part of an employee survey. Make sure yours are great with these 11 tips.
How to gain maximum insight from your employee exit survey results
Below, our people scientists share best practices for analyzing and reviewing exit survey results at both the individual and aggregate levels. Use these insights to understand key opportunities for improvement, and understand trends in your employee experience.
Reviewing individual employee exit survey results
When an employee voluntarily leaves, it's essential to ask them to complete an exit survey as part of the offboarding process. From there, your HR team can review their feedback and determine if the feedback should be shared with others. For example, there may be situations where sharing someone's feedback with their manager is beneficial. In particular, you want to highlight any responses that run counter to what has been observed in other feedback (such as engagement results).
For example, if your company usually scores highly on survey questions regarding access to career opportunities but someone notes it as a reason for leaving, be sure to dig a little deeper in the exit interview.
The opposite is true as well – for example, if someone leaving gives positive feedback on an experience that is often low-scoring, you should discuss this with your team. Such answers might give you insight into a particular practice that could be adopted across the organization. Additionally, any neutral or unfavorable responses should be flagged for further discussion.
Tip: Categorize your results to gain even more insight
If the platform you’re using allows you to do so, categorize your exit survey respondents into "regrettable" or "non-regrettable" categories. This is very helpful for comparing the experiences of both groups and prioritizing where to take action.
If you see that non-regrettable employees are rating things lower than regrettable employees, this may be explained by low performance. However, when regrettable employees respond less favorably, this may be a sign you should dive in deeper because you may be driving your highest-performing employees to leave.
If the differences between the two groups are significant, you may choose to filter out the non-regrettable results and instead only view the regrettable employee feedback for the two steps below.
Reviewing aggregate employee exit survey results
Once you have a good number of responses in your exit survey, you’ll be able to get insights from the aggregate results. Keep in mind this depends on the platform you use. You might be able to get deeper analytics based on how many responses you have. For example, the Culture Amp platform utilizes driver analysis, which requires 30 responses to be calculated.
When reviewing the aggregate results, look for answers to the following questions.
- What was the overall experience of employees who exited?
- What did the company do well?
- What did the company do not so well?
- What matters most to our people?
- What can we focus on to increase retention in the future?
To compare the overall experience of employees who have left, ask questions that correspond to those in your broader employee surveys. These are questions like:
- I would recommend [my company] as a great place to work.
- For most of my time with [my company], I rarely thought about looking for a job at another company.
You also might want to compare themes. For example, you may want to get feedback on learning and development from exiting employees. This is probably the case if learning and development are particularly important to your organization, or perhaps L&D shows up as a key driver of engagement in engagement surveys.
When comparing exit survey results to engagement or organizational health results, it’s natural that these results will be lower. Nonetheless, you still want these employees to be advocates for your company and brand, even if they're leaving the company.
Tip: Find your strengths and opportunities through exit survey feedback
When reviewing any feedback, you want to take note of the positives before jumping into areas of improvement. Within your exit survey, sort the questions by favorability to see what questions are topping the list. Your exiting employees will answer more unfavorably, so your highest-scoring items are indeed your strengths – celebrate them!
Another way to find your strengths is to include a free-text question such as: “What are some things we’re doing really great here?”
Next, view your lowest-scoring items. These are the things that aren’t going so well at your organization. Ask yourself how these themes match what you’ve heard from other feedback sources (e.g., surveys or conversations with employees).
You can ask the following free-text question to assess this: “What are some things we’re doing not so great here?”
How to take action on your employee exit survey results
Now that you have a broad view of why people are leaving, you can choose a focus area. Look at your lowest-scoring items, and if you have access to driver analysis, make sure to select a focus area that will make a big impact. While some items may be low-scoring, they might not be correlated with engagement or retention. For example, questions around compensation are often low-scoring and referred to in exit interviews. However, compensation is very rarely a driver of retention.
Review responses to the question: “Is there something we could have done to keep you?”
Once you’ve selected a theme based on your quantitative and qualitative data, take a look at data from your organizational health or engagement survey to see if there is a group that is doing well in the selected item. They may have learnings that you can share.
Also, identify if there are any low-performing outliers in your company, as those groups should be prioritized when testing out new programs to avoid future turnover. Remember, you’re taking action with your current employees in mind. So if "career opportunities" is a focus area, you may want to consider creating a transparent leveling process or standardizing how someone would move into a lateral role. As with acting on engagement survey results, get your employees involved in determining future actions. Hold a focus group with a representative sample to further unpack that focus and generate ideas for action.
Keep your best people engaged and retained
Now that you know how to understand and utilize individual and aggregate exit survey results, you and your organization will be better equipped to reshape the employee experience. By identifying the high-impact areas in your organization is doing both well and not-so-well, you can take actions that keep your best employees engaged and with you.
Make the most of your exit surveys
Culture Amp’s science-backed survey templates cover the entire employee experience – from onboarding to exit, DEI, and more.